Fetal breathing movements

Luisa Bocconi, Chiara Boschetto, Florinda Ceriani, Alessandra Kustermann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Although aerial respiration only begins at birth, it is currently widely recognized that breathing has a long preparatory history during the 9 months preceding parturition. In describing the changes occurring at birth, most authors purposely omit the idiomatic expression 'first breath' and talk instead about a shift from periodic to continuous respiration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopment of Normal Fetal Movements: The First 25 Weeks of Gestation
PublisherSpringer Milan
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9788847014015
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Arterial chemoreceptors
  • Lung liquid
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia
  • Rapid eye movement
  • Regular fetal breathing
  • Tachypnoeic
  • Ultrasound
  • Wakefulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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