Familial aggregation in inflammatory bowel disease: Is it genes or environment?

Tiago Nunes, Gionata Fiorino, Silvio Danese, Miquel Sans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) develops in genetically susceptible individuals due to the influence of environmental factors, leading to an abnormal recognition of microbiota antigens by the innate immune system which triggers an exaggerated immune response and subsequent bowel tissue damage. IBD has been more frequently found in families, an observation that could be due to either genetic, environmental or both types of factors present in these families. In addition to expanding our knowledge on IBD pathogenesis, defining the specific contribution to familial IBD of each one of these factors might have also clinical usefulness. We review the available evidence on familial IBD pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2715-2722
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Jun 14 2011


  • Environmental factors
  • Familial aggregation
  • Familial clustering
  • Genetics
  • Genome wide association studies
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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