Experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage: Events related to anti-oxidant enzymatic systems and eicosanoid peroxide enhancement

Paolo Gaetani, Riccardo Rodriguez y Baena, Silvana Quaglini, Riccardo Bellazzi, Carla Cafè, Carla Torri, Fulvio Marzatico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Experimental and clinical studies have emphasized the role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of vasospasm and neurological dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Increases in both enzymatic (arachidonic acid cascade and eicosanoid peroxide production) and non-enzymatic (tiobarbituric acid reactive substances production) lipid peroxidation were found, pointing out the key role of arachidonic acid cascade in impairing membrane functionality in the post-hemorrhage brain. The aim of this work is to investigate whether a correlation exists between time-dependent modifications of eicosanoid peroxide production ("ex vivo" release of leukotriene C4=LTC4) and antioxidant enzymatic systems in the brain after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage in the rat. The release of the LTC4 is significantly enhanced at 1, 6 and 48 hours after SAH induction. Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity is significantly reduced at 6 and 48 hours after SAH induction; Mn-SOD activity is significantly affected at 1, 6 and 48 hours after the hemorrhage. GSH-Px activity is significantly reduced only in the late phase (48 hours) after SAH. The linear regression of statistical analysis, performed to investigate any possible relationship among time-dependent modifications shows that the "ex vivo" release of LTC4 is significantly related to the decreasing trend of MnSOD activity (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-844
Number of pages6
JournalNeurochemical Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1994


  • Anti-oxidant systems
  • arachidonic metabolism
  • experimental SAH
  • leukotriene C4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry


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