Evidence-based medicine and its horizons: A useful tool for nephrologists?

Alessandro Liberati, E. Telaro, A. Perna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Though the concept of 'evidence-based medicine' (EBM) nowadays has become very popular and even fashionable, its practice is far from being an established reality. There are many reasons why, despite its potential, EBM finds obstacles in expressing its full potential as a tool to better inform health care decisions. Broadly speaking, these obstacles fall into three categories: (i) inadequacy of available information with respect the complexities of health care delivery; (ii) poor quality of clinical research; and (iii) insufficient and inappropriate efforts to promote the uptake of effective interventions in clinical practice. In the first part of the paper, we will discuss: (i) what evidence-based medicine is; (ii) why systematic reviews are the fundamental tool of EBM and what is really special about them: (iii) what are the tools for the practice of EBM; (iv) what its limitations are, and (v) what are the hindrances to its implementation. In the second part, a brief assessment of the state of the art of systematic reviews in nephrology will be presented, with special reference to the activities of the recently launched Cochrane Collaborative Review Group in Renal Diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-52
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation


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