Estrogen-induced proliferation in cultured hepatocytes involves cyclin D1, P21CIP1 and P27KIP1

M. Barone, R. Ladisa, A. Di Leo, D. Spano, D. Francioso, V. Aglio, A. Amoruso, A. Francavilla, A. Iolascon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to establish if estrogen-induced hepatocyte proliferation in vitro involves the cell cycle regulators cyclin D1, p21Cip1, and p27Kip1. Male rat hepatocytes were cultured in presence of 17-β-estradiol (E2) ± ICI-182780, a pure estrogen antagonist, and [3H]-thymidine, as required. DNA synthesis as well as p21Cip1, p27Kip1, and cyclin D1 mRNA and protein levels were evaluated at different times (12, 24, 36, and 48 hours) of incubation. E2-increased DNA synthesis was correlated with cyclin D1 and p21Cip1 (mRNA and protein) variations that were reversed by the addition of ICI-182780. p27Kip1 protein levels progressively increased regardless of the presence of E2 or ICI-182780. Our data confirm that estrogens' stimulatory effect is related to their ability to increase cyclin D1 levels. The increase of p21Cip1 is probably related to the reentry of hepatocytes in the quiescent state. p27Kip1 protein is not able to arrest hepatocyte proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-586
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006


  • Cell cycle regulators
  • Estrogens
  • Hepatocyte proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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