Epidemiological, molecular and clinical features of Enterovirus 109 infection in children and in adult stem cell transplant recipients

Maurizia Debiaggi, Elisa Rita Ceresola, Michela Sampaolo, Emilio Paolo Alessandrino, Roberto Brerra, Aurora Piazza, Massimo Clementi, Filippo Canducci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: A novel human enterovirus (HEV) type within the species HEV-C, named EV109, was discovered from cases of respiratory illness in Nicaragua in September 2010. The aim of this study, was to retrospectively examine the presence and the role of EV109 in respiratory samples from two patients populations; infants below the age of 2years, hospitalized for acute respiratory diseases (ARDs) and adult hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. Results: A total of 1149 nasopharingeal aspirates were collected and tested for the presence of EV109 by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). In positive samples, the presence of the most common respiratory viruses was also assayed and clinical symptoms were evaluated. Samples from 2 of the 974 infants tested positive for EV109 RNA (0.2%) and belonged to patients with lower ARDs; co-infection with other viral pathogens under study was observed in both cases. In transplant recipients, one out of the 175 samples analyzed, from a patients with upper respiratory simptoms tested positive for HEV 109 in the absence of co-infecting viruses. Sequence analysis of amplified EV109 genomic regions, showed only a few nucleotide differences when compared with the Nicaraguan strains. Conclusions: Overall these results indicate that HEV109 variants have circulated and differentiated in different lineages worldwide. Although more cases and larger studies are needed, HEV109 infection may be associated to ARDs both in infants and in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. If these preliminary observations will be confirmed, improved molecular methods with a wider panel of potential pathogens will be useful for monitoring these categories of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number183
JournalVirology Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Acute respiratory disease
  • Enterovirus 109
  • Rhinoviruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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