Emergence of colistin resistance in Enterobacter aerogenes from Croatia

Branka Bedenić, Mirna Vranić-Ladavac, Carolina Venditti, Arjana Tambić-Andrašević, Nada Barišić, Marija Gužvinec, Natalie Karčić, Nicola Petrosillo, Ranko Ladavac, Antonino di Caro

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A colistin-resistant Enterobacter aerogenes [study code 12264] was isolated from the tracheal aspirate of a 71-year-old male patient in the General Hospital [GH] in Pula, Croatia. The patient was previously treated in University Hospital Centre in Rijeka with colistin in order to eradicate Acinetobacter baumannii isolate, susceptible only to colistin and tigecycline. Genes encoding ESBLs [blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M, blaPER-1] were screened by PCR. The strain was shown to possess blaCTX-M-15 and blaTEM-1 genes. To asses genes possibly involved in resistance to colistin the chromosomal enconding mgrB gene and the plasmid-mediated mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes were screened as described previously. Mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes were not detected and mgrB gene presented a wild-type sequence. PCR-based Replicon typing method [PBRT] conducted on an E. aerogenes isolate, showed that the strain carried an IncN plasmid. Adaptive mechanisms such as changes of the bacterial cell outer membrane that cause porin decrease or presence of an efflux pump, due to selection pressure exerted by the therapeutic administration of colistin, could be responsible for the development of colistin resistance in our strain, as recently reported in E. aerogenes from France. Due to effective infection control measures, the colistin-resistant strain did not spread to other patients or hospital wards. This is the first report of an ESBL-producing, colistin-resistant E. aerogenes in clinically relevant samples such as endotracheal aspirate and blood culture, showing the presence of this rare resistance profile among Gram-negative bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Chemotherapy
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Oct 24 2017


  • Colistin
  • Enterobacter aerogenes
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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