Background and Purpose α1-adrenoceptor (-AR) antagonists may facilitate ureter stone passage in humans. We aimed to study effects by the α1A-AR selective antagonist silodosin (compared to tamsulosin and prazosin) on ureter pressures in a rat model of ureter obstruction, and on contractions of human and rat isolated ureters. Experimental Approach After ethical approval, ureters of male rats were cannulated beneath the kidney pelvis for in vivo ureteral intraluminal recording of autonomous peristaltic pressure waves. A partial ureter obstruction was applied to the distal ureter. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was recorded. Approximate clinical and triple clinical doses of the α1-AR antagonists were given intravenously. Effects by the α1-AR antagonists on isolated human and rat ureters were studied in organ baths. Key Results Intravenous silodosin (0.1-0.3 mg kg-1) or prazosin (0.03-0.1 mg kg-1) reduced obstruction-induced increases in intraluminal ureter pressures by 21-37% or 18-40% respectively. Corresponding effects by tamsulosin (0.01 or 0.03 mg kg-1) were 9-20%. Silodosin, prazosin and tamsulosin reduced MAP by 10-12%, 25-26% (P <0.05), or 18-25% (P <0.05) respectively. When effects by the α1A-AR antagonists on obstruction-induced ureter pressures were expressed as a function of MAP, silodosin had six- to eightfold and 2.5- to eightfold better efficacy than tamsulosin or prazosin respectively. Silodosin effectively reduced contractions of both human and rat isolated ureters. Conclusions and Implications Silodosin inhibits contractions of the rat and human isolated ureters and has excellent functional selectivity in vivo to relieve pressure-load of the rat obstructed ureter. Silodosin as pharmacological ureter stone expulsive therapy should be clinically further explored.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - May 2013|
- α -adrenoceptor
- in vivo
ASJC Scopus subject areas