Effectiveness of primary inguinal orchiopexy as treatment of non-palpable testes in the first two years of age

F. Canavese, R. Lala, L. Valfrè, S. Vinardi, E. Bianco, M. G. Cortese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim. The best treatment of non-palpable testes is currently argument of debate. The aim of present study was to describe authors' experience in surgical treatment with inguinal standard orchidopexy of non-palpable testes. Methods. In the last 17 years we have treated 2 002 cryptorchid testes, among these 327 (16.33%) were non palpable. Age and distribution of cryptorchid testes was: 0-1 y (165 NPT), 1-2 y (84 NPT), 2-5 y (43 NPT), 5-10 y (16 NPT) and >10 y (19 NPT). Results. Non-palpable testes were diagnosed and treated earlier (76.14% in the first two years). At surgical examination 204 (62.38%) were intrabdominal, 80 (24.46%) were atrophic and 43 (13.14%) vanishing. Among atrophic testes 54 (67.5%) were intracanicular, 21 (26.5%) were at the external inguinal ring, 4 (5%) were intrabdominal and 1 (1.25%) ectopic; among vanishing testes 22 (51.16%) were intrabdominal, 14 (32.55%) intracanicular and 7 (16.27%) at the external ring of inguinal canal Conclusion. Atrophic and vanishing testes were in intrabdominal location in 26 cases: only in these cases (7.95% of all non palpable testes) laparoscopy should have avoided inguinal surgery. Inguinal standard orchiopexy performed as day-surgery with general anaesthesia associated to caudal analgesia should be considered effective and less invasive than laparoscopic approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-248
Number of pages4
JournalMinerva Pediatrica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Cryptorchidism
  • Infant
  • Testis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)


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