Early detachment of titanium particles from various different surfaces of endosseous dental implants

M. Franchi, B. Bacchelli, D. Martini, V. De Pasquale, E. Orsini, V. Ottani, M. Fini, G. Giavaresi, R. Giardino, A. Ruggeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Titanium (Ti) endosseous dental screws with different surfaces (smooth titanium - STi, titanium plasma-sprayed - TPS, alumina oxide sandblasted and acid-etched - Al-SLA, zirconium oxide sandblasted and acid etched - Zr-SLA) were implanted in femura and tibiae of sheep to investigate the biological evolution of the peri-implant tissues and detachment of Ti debris from the implant surfaces in early healing. Implants were not loaded. Sections of the screws and the peri-implant tissues obtained by sawing and grinding were analysed by light microscopy immediately after implantation (time 0) and after 14 days. All samples showed new bone trabeculae and vascularised medullary spaces in those areas where gaps between the implants and host bone were visible. In contrast, no osteogenesis was induced in the areas where the implants were initially positioned in close contact with the host bone. Chips of the pre-existing bone inducing new peri-implant neo-osteogenesis were surrounded by new bone trabeculae. The threads of some screws appeared to be deformed where the host bone showed fractures. Ti granules of 3-60μm were detectable only in the peri-implant tissues of TPS implants both immediately after surgery and after 14 days, thus suggesting that this phenomenon may be related to the friction of the TPS coating during surgical insertion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2239-2246
Number of pages8
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - May 2004


  • Histology
  • Osseointegration
  • Titanium detachment
  • Titanium implants
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering


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