Early Childhood Attention Battery: Italian adaptation and new expanded normative data: Early Human Development

G. Coratti, M. Mallardi, C. Coppola, F. Tinelli, M. Bartoli, V. Laganà, S. Lucibello, S. Sivo, F. Gallini, D.M. Romeo, J. Atkinson, O. Braddick, E. Mercuri, D. Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The Early Childhood Attention Battery (ECAB) has been used to assess three different components of attention in preschool children, namely, selective, sustained and attentional control. Aim: The aim of the study was: I) to adapt the ECAB to the Italian language; II) to collect Italian reference data using the translated version and III) to expand the available reference data using 6-month age intervals. Study design: The adaptation of the ECAB to Italian language and the collection of Italian reference data was performed in four phases: translation and identification of the manual and subtests that needed adaptation; interobserver reliability and feasibility of the Italian version; application of the Italian ECAB; statistical analysis. Subjects: The ECAB was performed on a low risk population between 3 and 5 years, 11 months. Results: Statistical analysis was conducted subdividing the cohort in 6-month age groups. The final cohort included 300 low-risk typically developing children. The assessment was well accepted and enjoyed by most of the children except for some in the youngest group who refused to complete all of the tests. Our data showed a progressive improvement in attention across age in seven of the eight subtests of the ECAB. Conclusion: The ECAB is a feasible battery in Italian as in the English version, for the assessment of early attention in preschool children, allowing the assessment of the different components of attention and a specific maturation follow up with increasing age. © 2020
Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly Hum. Dev.
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Attention development
  • Early Child Attention Battery
  • Neuropsychology preschool children
  • article
  • attention
  • child
  • childhood
  • cohort analysis
  • feasibility study
  • female
  • follow up
  • groups by age
  • human
  • human experiment
  • infant
  • interrater reliability
  • Italian (language)
  • low risk population
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • neuropsychology
  • preschool child


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