Dual NAMPT and BTK targeting leads to synergistic killing of Waldenström macroglobulinemia cells regardless of MYD88 and CXCR4 somatic mutation status

Michele Cea, Antonia Cagnetta, Chirag Acharya, Prakrati Acharya, Yu Tzu Tai, Cao Yang, Davide Lovera, Debora Soncini, Maurizio Miglino, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni, Luca Mastracci, Alessio Nencioni, Fabrizio Montecucco, Fiammetta Monacelli, Alberto Ballestrero, Teru Hideshima, Dharminder Chauhan, Marco Gobbi, Roberto M. Lemoli, Nikhil MunshiSteven P. Treon, Kenneth C. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) regulates intracellular NAD+ pool and is highly expressed in a number of malignancies. FK866, a selective inhibitor of Nampt, depletes intracellular NAD+ levels, thereby blocking cellular metabolism and triggering sensitization to other drugs and cell death. Here we characterized the antitumor effects of Nampt inhibition in Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Experimental Design: We investigated Nampt role in MW cells using both mRNA and protein expression analyses. We have also used loss-of-function approaches to investigate the growth and survival effects of Nampt on MW cells and further tested the anti-MW activity of dual Nampt and BTK inhibition in vitro and in vivo. Results: We found that Waldenström macroglobulinemia cells exhibit high levels of Nampt compared with normal B cells. Loss of function studies suggested a potential oncogenic role of Nampt in Waldenström macroglobulinemia cells, and BTK-inhibitor ibrutinib and FK866 resulted in a significant and synergistic anti-Waldenström macroglobulinemia cell death, regardless of MYD88 and CXCR4 mutational status. Cell death was associated with: (i) activation of caspase-3, PARP and downregulation of Mcl-1, (ii) enhanced intracellular ATP and NAD+ depletion, (iii) inhibition of NF-κB signaling, and (iv) inhibition of multiple prosurvival signaling pathways. In a murine xenograft Waldenström macroglobulinemia model, low-dose combination FK866 and ibrutinib is well tolerated, significantly inhibits tumor growth, and prolongs host survival. Conclusions: Our results show intracellular NAD+ level as crucial for proliferation and survival of Waldenström macroglobulinemia cells, and provides the mechanistic preclinical rationale for targeting Nampt, either alone or with Ibrutinib, to overcome drug resistance and improve patient outcome in Waldenström macroglobulinemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6099-6109
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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