Drug-induced gingival overgrowth: An in vitro study on cyclosporine and human gingival fibroblasts

V. Candotto, A. Baj, G. Beltramini, A. Scarano, Annalisa Palmieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Gingival overgrowth is a serious side-effect that accompanies the use of cyclosporine. Up to 97% of the patients submitted to immunosuppressant drugs have been reported to suffer from this side-effect. Several conflicting theories have been proposed to explain the fibroblast’s function in gingival overgrowth. To determine whether cyclosporine alter the inflammatory responses, we investigated its effects on gingival fibroblast gene expression as compared with untreated cells. Fragments of gingival tissue of healthy volunteers (11-year-old man, 68-yearold-woman and 20-year-old-man) were collected during operation. Cells were incubated with cyclosporine and gene expression of 29 was investigated in gingival fibroblasts cell culture, compared with untreated cells. The gene expression level was significantly deregulated only for 10 genes (CCL1, CCR1, CCR4, CCR5, CCR10, IL1A, IL1B, IL5, IL6R and TNFSF10) that were found to be downregulated except for TNFSF10. These results seem to demonstrate that cyclosporine has no inflammatory effect on healthy gingival fibroblast. In the future, it would be interesting understand, the possible effect of the drug on inflammation of patients affected by gingival hyperplasia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Cyclosporine
  • Drugs
  • Gene expression
  • Gingival overgrowth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research


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