Dopaminergic control of aldosterone secretion is not mediated by atrial natriuretic factor in patients with essential hypertension

C. Sala, A. Morganti, P. Ferraris, G. Ardeleani, P. Venegoni, P. Quorso, B. Ambrosi, A. Zanchetti

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Both dopamine and atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) are known to suppress aldosterone secretion. Since it is possible that dopaminergic mechanisms facilitate ANF release, we investigated the relationship between these two inhibitory systems by comparing the increases in aldosterone induced by metoclopramide, a dopaminergic antagonist, with decreases in ANF. Aldosterone, ANF, prolactin, plasma renin activity, cortisol and potassium were measured before and after the intravenous infection of 10 mg metoclopramide, blood samples being collected at 15-min intervals up to 2 h after the injection. These studies were performed in patients with essential hypertension who were maintained on a constant sodium intake (100 mmol/day), before and after 5 days of treatment with ibopamine, an orally active dopamine analogue. Before ibopamine metoclopramide induced the expected, marked increases in aldosterone and in prolactin, but only minimal, non-significant decreases in ANF. All other humoral parameters, as well as blood pressure and heart rate, were unaffected by metoclopramide. After ibopamine treatment, which caused a transient natriuretic effect the responses of aldosterone and of ANF to metoclopramide were similar to those observed in control studies, whereas that of prolactin was enhanced. Thus, it appears that the suppressive effect exerted by the dopaminergic tone on aldosterone secretion is independent of ANF both before and after dopaminergic stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue numberSUPPL. 4
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Internal Medicine


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