Clinical and pharmacological evidence suggests that several neurotransmitters are involved in the control of the esophageal motility. Esophageal achalasia is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the absence of peristalsis in the body of the esophagus and by the failure of the LES to relax in response to swallowing. Stimulation of both VIP receptors and D-2 DA receptors induce a decrease in LES pressure, while D-1 receptors mediate LES contractions. In the present study we show that both VIP and DA system is disregulated in LES achalasia. In particular, this disease is associated not only with the lack of VIP nerves in the LES, but also with a failure in the responsiveness of postsynaptic receptors to VIP stimulation. Furthermore, we demonstrate a selective functional loss of the D-2 DA receptors component, without changes in the D-1 DA receptor mediated responses.
|Translated title of the contribution||Dopamine and VIP are involved in esophageal achalasia|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Acta Chirurgica Italica|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
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