Difficult esophageal atresia: Trick and treat

Andrea Conforti, Francesco Morini, Pietro Bagolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although most patients with esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) may benefit from "standard" management, which is deferred emergency surgery, some may present unexpected elements that change this paradigm. Birth weight, associated anomalies, and long gap can influence the therapeutic schedule of the patients with EA/TEF and can make their treatment tricky. As a consequence, detailed information on these aspects gives the power to develop a decision-making process as correct as possible. In this article, we will review the most important factors influencing the treatment of patients with EA/TEF and will share our experience on the diagnostic and therapeutic tips that may provide pivotal help in the management of such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014


  • Esophageal atresia
  • Esophageal surgery
  • Gap assessment
  • Long gap
  • Short-term outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)


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