Dietary choices for breakfast in children and adolescents

Carlo Agostoni, Furio Brighenti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Breakfast represents a healthy habit and associations with positive health outcomes have been widely described. Breakfast should be consistent with local and family dietary traditions. The proportion of breakfast skippers in the pediatric and adolescent diet range 10-30% throughout the world. Policies and interventions supportive of breakfast consumption are therefore encouraged. According to neurobehavioral data, the good example of parents and access to a variety of palatable and pleasant breakfast foods should drive children to become able to self-select breakfast models with balanced composition, while respecting recommended dietary allowances. A balanced macronutrient composition, the proposition of a variety of models leading to a total energy density preferably within lower ranges (<1-1.5), as well as glycemic indices in the lower range for the same food class, could emphasize the positive short- and long- term health outcomes now attributable to breakfast.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


  • Breakfast
  • Dietary choices
  • Food balance
  • Food variety
  • Parental dietary behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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