Diaries and calendars for migraine. A review

G. Nappi, R. Jensen, R. E. Nappi, G. Sances, P. Torelli, J. Olesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Headache is one of the most common types of pain and, in the absence of biological markers, headache diagnosis depends only on information obtained from clinical interviews and physical and neurological examinations. Headache diaries make it possible to record prospectively the characteristics of every attack and the use of headache calendars is indicated for evaluating the time pattern of headache, identifying aggravating factors and evaluating the efficacy of preventive treatment. This may reduce the recall bias and increase accuracy in the description. The use of diagnostic headache diaries does have some limitations because the patient's general acceptance is still limited and some subjects are not able to fill in a diary. In this review, we considered diaries and calendars especially designed for migraine and, in particular, we aimed at: (i) determining what instruments are available in clinical practice for diagnosis and follow-up of treatments; and (ii) describing the tools that have been developed for research and their main applications in the headache field. In addition to the literature review, we added two paragraphs concerning the authors' experience of the use of diaries and calendars in headache centres and their proposals for future areas of research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-916
Number of pages12
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006


  • Calendars
  • Classification
  • Diaries
  • Headache
  • Medical records
  • Migraine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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