Day care centre attendance and quality of life in depressed older adults living in the community

Claudio Bilotta, Luigi Bergamaschini, Sibilla Spreafico, Carlo Vergani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Late-life depression is associated with disabled functioning and a poor quality of life (QOL). The aim of this cross-sectional study was to find out whether the attendance of a day care centre (DC) was associated with QOL in community-dwelling older adults suffering from a depressive disorder without dementia. The study enrolled 149 depressed older adults aged 70 or older, who consecutively underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment from April to July 2008 at the Geriatric Medicine Unit of the Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan, Italy. QOL was evaluated by means of the European Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale (EuroQol VAS). DC attendance was quantified as number of days of attendance per week in the past month. Participants attending a DC at least once a week (n = 17) had a higher mean EuroQol VAS score than non-attendants (n = 132) (mean ± SD 58.8 ± 19 vs. 45.3 ± 22.5; P = 0.019). In multiple linear regression analysis a higher weekly attendance of DCs was related to a better quality of life according to the EuroQol VAS score (unstandardized coefficient 3.048, 95% CI 0.063-6.033, P = 0.045) after correction for age, sex, balance and gait abilities, comorbidity, pharmacotherapy, living alone, and severity of depression. Therefore, in older outpatients suffering from a depressive disorder without dementia the attendance of a DC was an independent correlate of the QOL. A randomized controlled longitudinal study will be necessary to determine whether attending a DC is really effective on the QOL in the management of late-life depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Ageing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


  • Day care centres
  • Depression
  • Older outpatients
  • Quality of life
  • Social participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Health(social science)


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