Correlation between high-pass resolution perimetry and standard threshold perimetry in subjects with glaucoma and ocular hypertension

Michele Iester, Paolo Capris, Michele Altieri, Mario Zingirian, Carlo E. Traverso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between High-Pass Resolution Perimetry (HRP) and standard threshold perimetry in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Methods: 31 glaucomatous patients and 37 ocular hypertension subjects with previous perimetric examination experience were consecutively recruited and only one eye for each patient was selected at random. Glaucomatous patients were classified as having primary open angle glaucoma when they had an abnormal visual field and/or an abnormal optic nerve head (ONH)/retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) typical of glaucoma, open angle at gonioscopy and no clinically apparent secondary cause for their glaucoma. Ocular hypertension subjects were defined as having intraocular pressure >21 mm Hg on no treatment, normal visual field, normal ONH and RNFL, elevated intraocular pressure without any treatment. All the subjects were examined with Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA) 640, 'program central 30-2' (Humphrey Systems, San Leandro, CA, USA) and with High-Pass Resolution Perimeter (HRP), Ophthimus version 2.4, 'ring program' (Nikon-HighTech Vision, Goteborg, Sweden). Visual field indices were obtained with both systems: for HFA mean deviation (MD), corrected pattern standard deviation (CPSD) and short term fluctuation (SF), while for HRP global deviation (GD), local deviation (LD), form index (FI) and neural capacity (NC). The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, Student's t test with Bonferroni's correction or Mann-Whitney non-parametric test and Pearson or Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results: A significant correlation was found between MD and GD (r = -0.81), CPSD and LD (r = 0.87), PSD and LD (r = 0.72). NC was significantly correlated with MD (r = 0.76), GD (r = -0.94). FI was significantly correlated with PSD (r = -0.58), CPSD (r = -0.72), LD (r = -0.56). When the same data were analyzed for the glaucomatous group only, similar results were found; in the ocular hypertensive group no significant correlation was found except between NC and MD (r = 0.52). Conclusion: HRP indices vary comparably with HFA indices. Parameters as NC and FI were significantly correlated with standard visual field indices of both HFA and HRP. Although the clinical applications for FI are not clear yet, NC could detect both early glaucomatous damage and age related changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • Form index
  • Glaucoma
  • High-pass resolution perimetry
  • Neural capacity
  • Ocular hypertension
  • Visual field indices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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