Concurrent 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin C and radiation with or without brachytherapy in recurrent cervical cancer: A scoring system to predict clinical response and outcome

Daniela Smaniotto, Giuseppe D'Agostino, Stefano Luzi, Vincenzo Valentini, Gabriella Macchia, Giovanna Mantini, Pasquale Alessandro Margariti, Gabriella Ferrandina, Giovanni Scambia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims and purpose: This is a prospective, phase II study aimed to evaluate the effect of concurrent 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin C, and radiation with or without brachytherapy on the clinical outcome of a series of recurrent cervical cancer patients and to determine the prognostic impact of a subset of factors. Methods: Thirty-three patients with locally recurrent, non-metastatic cervical cancer received external beam radiation (4-week split course: 23.4 + 23.4 Gy) plus two courses of concomitant chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil, 96-h continuous infusion, days 1-4, 1 g/m2/day; mitomycin C, 10 mg/m2, bolus iv, day 1). Twelve patients with vaginal recurrence (36.4%) underwent endocavitary low-dose rate brachytherapy boost (20-25 Gy); 11 patients with lateral pelvic recurrence (33.3%) received external beam radiation boost (14-20 Gy). Results: Fourteen complete responses (42.4%), 7 partial responses (21.2%), 5 disease stabilizations (15.1%) and 7 progressions (21.2%) were obtained. After a median follow-up of 34 months (range, 6-127), overall actuarial 3-year survival, progression-free survival and local progression-free survival were 59.7%, 48.1% and 51.7%, respectively. Patients with vaginal recurrence of less than 4 cm and negative lymph nodes proved to respond best to the treatment. Two patients (6.1%) experienced hematologic grade 3 toxicity. One patient had grade 3 intestinal toxicity (3.0%). No patient had major skin or urological acute toxicity. Severe late toxicity was infrequent. Three patients had prolonged leukopenia (9.0%). Four patients showed severe vaginal stenosis (12.1%). A clinical score of 0 to 1 was assigned to each patient on the basis of the absence (score = 0) or presence (score = 1) of any of the following prognostic factors: time between surgery and recurrence shorter than 12 months, pelvic wall site of recurrence, positive lymph nodes, hemoglobin 2, P = 0.06), local control of the disease (65% vs 20% after 3 years, P = 0.001,) and overall survival (75% vs 30% after 3 years, P = 0.032). Conclusions: Our data suggest that this combined modality therapy was relatively well tolerated and resulted in reasonable local control and survival. The scoring system proved to be helpful to identify patients with the greatest chance of benefiting from the treatment. Further studies are probably needed to salvage the other patients, whose prognosis remains severe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-301
Number of pages7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


  • Cervical cancer
  • Chemoradiation
  • Local recurrence
  • Prognostic score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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