Comparison of calcitonin, alendronate and fluorophosphate effects on ovariectomized rat bone

G. Giavaresi, M. Fini, S. Gnudi, N. Nicoli Aldini, M. Rocca, A. Carpi, R. Giardino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of calcitonin, alendronate and fluorophosphate preventive treatment on ovariectomized rat femur were studied by comparing densitometric, mechanical, mineralogical and histomorphometric data. Sixty retired breeder female Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 10 months, were randomly divided into six groups. A group (baseline) was euthanized at the beginning of the study as a baseline group; four groups were ovariectomized and one was sham-operated (sham) and considered as a sham-aged group. A group of ovariectomized rats was used as a sham-therapy control (OVX) and received only deionized drinking water, while the other three received: a) salmon calcitonin (SCN) at a dose of 2 IU/kg/d s.c. (OVX + SCN); b) alendronate sodium salt (ALN) at a dose of 6 μg/kg/d administered by gavage (OVX + ALN); and c) L-glutamine monofluorophosphate (G-MFP) and calcium at a rate of 1:30 F/Ca at a dose of 0.21 mg F/6.30 mg Ca per kg/d by gavage (OVX + MFP). Significant increases (P <0.05) of about 15 and 27% in femoral proximal epiphysis bone mineral density (BMD) of the OVX + ALN group were observed versus healthy groups and the OVX group, respectively. The OVX + ALN group also showed significant increases in femoral mid-diaphysis BMD when compared to OVX (18%, P <0.001), OVX + SCN (14%, P <0.05) and OVX + MFP (18%, P <0.001) groups. In the OVX + MFP group, the three-point bending test demonstrated significant increases (P <0.05) in maximal load of 21 and 22% when compared to the OVX and OVX + SCN groups, respectively. Also, stiffness data showed significant increases of the OVX + MFP (17%) and sham (14%) groups in comparison with the OVX group. A decrease in Mg (42%, P <0.05), and increases in Ca (15%, P <0.0001) and PO 4 (8%, P <0.005) content were found by comparing OVX + MFP and OVX groups. Trabecular bone volume results showed significant increases by comparing OVX + ALN and OVX groups (12.20%, P <0.0005), as well as control groups. Tested agents were able to reduce the bone loss due to estrogen deficiency, but this did not always produce an increase in strength of the treated bone. Alendronate treatment prevented a decrease in bone mineral density and maintained bone mechanical properties after ovariectomy without impairment of bone mineralization in aged rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-403
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume55
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Alendronate
  • Calcitonin
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ovariectomized rat
  • Sodium fluoride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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