Changes over time in delivery room management of extremely low birth weight infants in Italy

Daniele Trevisanuto, Irene Satariano, Nicoletta Doglioni, Giulio Criscoli, Francesco Cavallin, Camilla Gizzi, Claudio Martano, Fabrizio Ciralli, Flaminia Torielli, Paolo Ernesto Villani, Sandra Di Fabio, Lorenzo Quartulli, Luigi Giannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: To identify changes in practice between two historical periods (2002 vs. 2011) in early delivery room (DR) management of ELBWI in Italian tertiary centres. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to the directors of all Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. The same questionnaire was used in a national survey conducted in 2002. Among the participating centres, those that filled the questionnaire in both study periods were selected for inclusion in this study. Results: There was an 88% (n= 76/86) and 92% (n= 98/107) response rate in the 2 surveys, respectively. The two groups overlapped for 64 centres. During the study period, the use of polyethylene bags/wraps increased from 4.7% to 59.4% of the centres. The units using 100% oxygen concentrations to initiate resuscitation of ELBWI decreased from 56.2% to 6.2%. The approach to respiratory management was changed for the majority of the examined issues: positive pressure ventilation (PPV) administered through a T-piece resuscitator (from 14.0% to 85.9%); use of PEEP during PPV (from 35.9% to 95.3%); use of CPAP (from 43.1% to 86.2%). From 2002 to 2011, the percentages of ELBWI intubated in DR decreased in favor of those managed with N-CPAP; ELBWI receiving chest compressions and medications at birth were clinically comparable. Conclusions: During the two study periods, the approach to the ELBWI at birth significantly changed. More attention was devoted to temperature control, use of oxygen, and less-invasive respiratory support. Nevertheless, some relevant interventions were not uniformly followed by the surveyed centres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1072-1076
Number of pages5
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Delivery room
  • Guidelines, infant, newborn
  • Premature
  • Resuscitation
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Medicine(all)


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