Cerebral Oxygenation by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Infants Undergoing Thoracoscopic Lung Resection

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Background: Thoracoscopic resection is the standard of care for congenital lung malformations (CLMs) in infants. However, there is rising concern that capnothorax may affect cerebral perfusion and oxygenation, carrying potential long-Term effects on neurodevelopmental behavior. The aim of our study was to investigate, using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), the regional cerebral oxygenation (CrSO2) in infants undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection; the secondary aim was to assess the relationship between rSO2 and standard monitoring. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed all infants (<1 year old, ASA II) who underwent thoracoscopic CLM resection in double-lung ventilation under fixed capnothorax parameters (5 mmHg of pressure, 1 L/minute flow), standardized anesthetic protocol, standard monitoring, and multisite NIRS in our center. We focused our attention on 8 anesthetic and surgical maneuvers, potentially affecting tissue oxygen saturation. Results: Ten infants met the inclusion criteria. At surgery, median age was 5.5 (4-7) months, median weight 7.2 (6.6-8) kg, median operative time 110 (55-180) minutes, and median capnothorax duration 79 (34-168) minutes. No conversion to open surgery occurred. CrSO2 values remained within clinically accepted values during thoracoscopy, beside a CrSO2 drop >20% of basal value in 1 patient, during capnothorax induction. Renal NIRS added very little to standard monitoring, which appeared generally inadequate to consistently appraise end-organ perfusion. ETCO2 best correlated with CrSO2 variations, suggesting to be able to realistically predict them. Conclusions: The thoracoscopic treatment of CLMs under the given conditions appears well tolerated in infants, pending the continuous adjustment of ventilator settings by an experienced anesthetist, confident with NIRS technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1084-1091
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • congenital
  • infants
  • monitoring
  • NIRS
  • oxygen
  • thoracoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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