Cardiovascular physiology, pathology, and clinical investigation

Luciane Piazza, Angelo Micheletti, Diana Negura, Carmelo Arcidiacono, Antonio Saracino, Mario Carminati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Congenital heart defects (CHD) are a heterogeneous entity, representing the most common malformations in the fetal and neonatal period. The incidence of moderate to severe structural CHD that will require expert cardiologic care is 2.5 to 3 per 1000 live births. Moderately severe forms of CHD probably account for another 3 per 1000 live births. Specialised cardiologic care is not needed for most minor forms of CHD, such as tiny ventricular septal defect (VSD) or atrial septal defect (ASD) [1]. Most infants with congenital heart disease are identified by the end of neonatal period.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNeonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Milan
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9788847014053, 9788847014046
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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