Can serum nitrosoproteome predict longevity of aged women?

Daniele Capitanio, Pietro Barbacini, Beatrice Arosio, Franca Rosa Guerini, Enrica Torretta, Fabio Trecate, Matteo Cesari, Daniela Mari, Mario Clerici, Cecilia Gelfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aging is characterized by increase in reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species, key factors of cardiac failure and disuse-induced muscle atrophy. This study focused on serum nitroproteome as a trait of longevity by adopting two complementary gel-based techniques: two-dimensional differential in gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) and Nitro-DIGE coupled with mass spectrometry of albumin-depleted serum of aged (A, n = 15) and centenarian (C, n = 15) versus young females (Y, n = 15). Results indicate spots differently expressed in A and C compared to Y and spots changed in A vs. C. Nitro-DIGE revealed nitrosated protein spots in A and C compared to Y and spots changed in A vs. C only (p-value < 0.01). Nitro-proteoforms of alpha-1-antitripsin (SERPINA1), alpha-1-antichimotripsin (SERPINA3), ceruloplasmin (CP), 13 proteoforms of haptoglobin (HP), and inactive glycosyltransferase 25 family member 3 (CERCAM) increased in A vs. Y and C. Conversely, nitrosation levels decreased in C vs. Y and A, for immunoglobulin light chain 1 (IGLC1), serotransferrin (TF), transthyretin (TTR), and vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP). Immunoblottings of alcohol dehydrogenase 5/S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (ADH5/GSNOR) and thioredoxin reductase 1 (TRXR1) indicated lower levels of ADH5 in A vs. Y and C, whereas TRXR1 decreased in A and C in comparison to Y. In conclusion, the study identified putative markers in C of healthy aging and high levels of ADH5/GSNOR that can sustain the denitrosylase activity, promoting longevity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9009
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020


  • Aging
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Nitrosative stress
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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