Background: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has been recently utilized with encouraging results in patients with poorly controlled MS. Objective: To determine in severe cases of MS the effect of ASCT on gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced MRI and to obtain information on clinical course and safety. Methods: In a cooperative study, 10 patients with rapidly evolving secondary progressive MS were transplanted, after BEAM conditioning regimen (carmustine, etoposide, cytosine-arabinoside, and melphalan), with unmanipulated autologous peripheral blood SC mobilized with high-dose cyclophosphamide (CY; 4 g/m2) and granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor. Triple-dose Gd-enhanced scans were performed monthly for a pretreatment period of 3 months and compared with serial monthly Gd-enhanced MRI for the following 6 months and then once every 3 months. Results: The median follow-up is now 15 months (range 4 to 30 months). The number of Gd-enhancing lesions decreased immediately after mobilization with CY and finally dropped to zero in all cases after the conditioning regimen. The number of new T2-weighted positive lesions paralleled data obtained for Gd-enhanced MRI. Clinically, patients improved slightly or remained stable. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the therapeutic sequence CY-BEAM-ASCT has the capacity to completely suppress MR-enhancing activity, an effect that is sustained with time. The final impact of this procedure on disease course remains to be established.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 10 2001|
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