Intensive chemotherapy followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) may provide an alternative therapy for young patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia following MDS (sAML) lacking a suitable donor. We report the results for 79 patients with MDS/sAML transplanted with autologous marrow in first complete remission (CR). Within the total group of 79, a cohort of 55 patients for whom the duration of first CR was known were compared with a matched control group of 110 patients with de novo AML. The 2-year survival, disease-free survival (DFS), and relapse rates for the 79 patients transplanted in first CR were 39%, 34%, and 64%, respectively. The relapse risk was greater than 55% for all stages and all disease categories. Patients younger than 40 years had a significantly (P = .04) better DFS (39%) than patients older than 40 years (25%). The DFS at 2 years was 28% for the cohort of 55 patients transplanted for MDS/sAML and 51% for those transplanted for de novo AML (P = .025). Relapse rates were 69% for patients with MDS/sAML and 40% for those with de novo AML (P = .007). ABMT for MDS or secondary leukemia results in a lower DFS when compared with similarly treated patients with de novo AML due to a higher relapse rate. The DFS of 28% for these patients suggests that autotransplantation may be a valuable therapy for this disease. The low treatment-related mortality rate of less than 10% supports the view that sufficient numbers of hematopoietic stem cells are present in patients with MDS to allow adequate repopulation after autologous stem-cell transplantation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 15 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas