Attitudes towards anti-sars-cov2 vaccination among healthcare workers: Results from a national survey in Italy

Francesco Di Gennaro, Rita Murri, Francesco Vladimiro Segala, Lorenzo Cerruti, Amina Abdulle, Annalisa Saracino, Davide Fiore Bavaro, Massimo Fantoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has afflicted tens of millions of people, fostering and unprecedent effort in vaccine development and distribution. Healthcare workers (HCW) play a key role in vaccine promotion and patient guidance, and it is likely that hesitancy among this population will have a major impact on the adoption of a successful immunization policy. To investigate HCW attitudes towards anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) vaccination, we developed an anonymous online cross-sectional survey. 1723 Italian HCW responded. Overall, 1155 (67%) intended to be vaccinated, while 443 (26%) were not sure and 125 (7%) declared refusal. In multivariate analysis, factors associated with hesitancy were using Facebook as the main information source and being a non-physician HCW, while predictors of acceptance included younger age, being in close contact with high-risk groups and having received flu vaccination during the 2019–2020 season. Reasons for hesitancy included lack of trust in vaccine safety (85%) and receiving little (78%) or conflicting (69%) information about vaccines. According to our results, adequate investment in vaccine education for healthcare personnel appears to be urgently needed, prioritizing non-physicians and information quality spread through social media. We hope that our data could help governments and policy-makers to target communication in the ongoing COVID-19 vaccination campaign.

Original languageEnglish
Article number371
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • COVID-19
  • Cross-sectional survey
  • Healthcare workers
  • Infectious diseases
  • Vaccine hesitancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology


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