Arousal disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Arousal Disorders (AD) are motor behaviours arising from NREM sleep. They comprise a spectrum of manifestations of increasing complexity from confusional arousal to sleep terror to sleepwalking. AD usually appear in childhood with a low frequency of episodes and spontaneously disappear before adolescence. The advent of video-polysomnography disclosed the existence of other phenomena alongside AD, in particular nocturnal frontal lobe seizures, requiring a differential diagnosis from AD.History-taking is usually sufficient to establish a correct diagnosis of AD even though viewing the episodes is essential for the clinician to distinguish the different motor events. Videopolysomnographic recording in a sleep laboratory is not always necessary and homemade video-recordings are useful to capture events closest to real life episodes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSleep Medicine
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


  • Arousal disorder
  • Confusional arousal
  • Motor behaviour
  • Parasomnia
  • Sleep terror
  • Sleepwalking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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