Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Heart Failure: Clinical and Prognostic Role

Damiano Magrì, Fabiana De Martino, Federica Moscucci, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Susanna Sciomer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Anemia and iron deficiency (ID)represent 2 prevalent, often interrelated, comorbidities in heart failure (HF). Both of them are significantly related to functional capacity and are undoubted predictors of poor prognosis in patients with HF. Although anemia and ID both have “global” detrimental effects, these 2 conditions are too often overlooked in cardiology daily clinical practice. The present review sought to summarize briefly the prevalence and the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms of anemia and ID as regards HF severity (ie, exercise capacity)and prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-369
Number of pages11
JournalHeart Failure Clinics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


  • Anemia
  • Cardiopulmonary exercise test
  • Heart failure
  • Hemoglobin
  • Iron deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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