An analysis of approaches to the management of endometrial cancer in North America: A CTF study

Tiziano Maggino, Cesare Romagnolo, Fabio Landoni, Enrico Sartori, Paolo Zola, Angiolo Gadducci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. The aim of this study was to define the clinical- therapeutical approach to endometrial cancer now being followed in some of the most important centers of reference for gynecological cancer in North America by means of a questionnaire. Study design. The questionnaire focused on four principal areas: (1) surgical staging and therapy; (2) adjuvant treatment; (3) treatment modifications; and (4) management of advanced stages (FIGO III-IV). Results. There were 48 evaluable responses (77%) received by the end of December 1994 which were considered for this analysis. Lymphadenectomy is utilized routinely in 26/48 centers (54.2%) and in selective clinical-pathological conditions in another 21/48 centers (43.5%). In the majority of centers (31/48; 64.6%) radical surgery is utilized for selected indications such as cervical involvement. Only 3/48 (6.2%) centers consider the vaginal approach totally inappropriate. The great majority (40/48; 83.3%) of the centers considered postsurgical adjuvant therapy to be necessary in FIGO Stage Ic. Brachytherapy is routinely performed in 3 centers (6.2%) in postsurgical management of Stage I endometrial cancer, while the majority of the centers (31/48; 64.6%) perform brachytherapy of the vaginal vault in certain clinical-pathological conditions. A wide variety of treatments are used for advanced stages (FIGO III-IV). Conclusions. It emerges that some controversial aspects exist on endometrial cancer treatment, and these conflicting data need a large-scale multicenter randomized clinical trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998


  • Adjuvant treatment
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Staging
  • Surgical therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology


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