Adverse genetic prognostic profiles define a poor outcome for cystectomy in bladder cancer

Michele Gallucci, Erika Vico, Roberta Merola, Costantino Leonardo, Isabella Sperduti, Alessandra Felici, Steno Sentinelli, Ruggero Cantiani, Giulia Orlandi, AnnaMaria Cianciulli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed to evaluate P16 (9p21), P53 (17p13.1), RB1 (13q14), HER2 (17q11.2) genes and chromosomes 3, 7, 9 and 17 in 62 bladder cancer cystectomies. We found chromosome aneusomy ranged between 74.2% and 91.9%. The highest percentage of homozygous deletion was found in the P16 gene (48.4%), while the highest percentage of heterozygous deletion was in the RB1 gene (51.6%). Chromosome 17 aneusomy significantly increased in tumors with higher stage, and RB heterozygous deletion showed a higher percentage of tumors with positive lymph node. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) showed four different biological tumor profiles, but only one could be associated with survival, defining the most unfavorable biological profile, characterized by P53 and P16 as homozygous and heterozygous and RB as homozygous deletion. Overall survival was significantly shorter in patients with at least two positive variables out of the five detected by MCA using the Kaplan-Meier's method. The biological stratification of advanced bladder cancer patients is of particular clinical interest, because the assessment of genetic factors predictive of tumor aggressiveness may influence postoperative therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-391
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007


  • Bladder cancer
  • Clinical outcome
  • Genetics
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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