Accuracy characterization of an integrated optical-based method for loads measurement in computer aided surgery

Sergio Cammarata, Marco Cammarata, Nicola Lopomo, Simone Bignozzi, Pietro Cerveri, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Stefano Zaffagnini, Andrea Visani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Generally in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury assessment specific laxity tests (i.e., Lachman, drawer tests) are clinically performed to evaluate the presence of ligamentous lesion. At present these tests are qualitatively evaluated by the surgeon and some quantitative measurements can be performed only for Lachman/drawer tests by means of dedicated devices. This study aimed to characterize the accuracy of a novel integrated optical-based method that can be used both in intra-operative and in office assessment of ACL injuries; in particular this technology was addressed to measure the loads/torques applied during clinical laxity tests, extending the current possible quantitative evaluations. The system, based on a commercial optical localizer and common springs, was spatially characterized in order to verify displacement/rotation and corresponding applied load/torque measurements. Evaluated limits of agreement between measured and applied loads were from -0.541 to 1.781 N, with a bias of 0.621 N (P = 0.05) in a dedicated clinical-like setup. This approach reported an excellent accuracy in load measurements, showing its possible integration in computer-aided surgery (CAS).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-591
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010


  • ACL injury
  • arthrometers
  • Force measurement
  • knee laxity
  • optical localizer
  • spatial accuracy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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