A novel truncated form of eNOS associates with altered vascular function

Elena Galluccio, Laura Cassina, Isabella Russo, Fabrizio Gelmini, Emanuela Setola, Luca Rampoldi, Lorena Citterio, Alessandra Rossodivita, Mikel Kamami, Antonio Colombo, Ottavio Alfieri, Marina Carini, Emanuele Bosi, Mariella Trovati, Piermarco Piatti, Lucilla D. Monti, Giorgio Casari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AimsNitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in vascular homeostasis and is produced by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), encoded by NOS3 gene. We previously reported the genetic association between NOS3 rs753482-A>C polymorphism on intron 19 and coronary artery disease (CAD). In the attempt of conferring functional implication to the rs753482-A>C polymorphism, we investigated its influence on transcript maturation.Methods and resultsA transcript variant skipping exons 20-21 is prevalent in carriers of the rs753482-C allele and is translated in a novel truncated form of eNOS. The truncated eNOS displays increased basal NO production, is insensitive to calcium stimulation, and, upon heterodimerization with the full-length eNOS protein, exerts a dominant-negative effect on NO production. CAD patients and healthy subjects' carriers of the rs753482-C genotype are characterized by increased NO basal levels in peripheral blood and platelets, and negatively respond to oral glucose load by failing to increase NO synthesis following insulin wave. Furthermore, forearm vasodilation after reactive hyperaemia is dramatically impaired in rs753482-C carriers.ConclusionsWe demonstrated that subjects carrying the rs753482-C genotype express a novel stable truncated form of eNOS with altered enzymatic activity that influences NO production and endothelial function. These findings open to new intriguing perspectives to several diseases involving vascular response to NO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-502
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2014


  • Endothelial function
  • eNOS
  • Nitric oxide
  • Novel isoform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology


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